Civil War - Where They Rest . . .
by Barb Hyde, November, 2011
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I never could
have taken all of these photos.
Many thanks to all of the people who have so graciously, even enthusiastically, allowed me to use their photos.
Note for use: click on links to go directly to more information. Click on any small photo to open a full-size photo.
Salisbury NC Prison and its National Cemetery
The 85th NY Volunteers, including Co D which was raised in Potter County by Levi Kinney, was sent en masse to Andersonville when the Union forces holding Plymouth NC were forced to surrender on April 20, 1864. In the fall of 1864, all prisoners who were well enough to be moved were moved from Andersonville to the Florence and Salisbury prisons - only to die there.
The dead prisoners were
buried in 18 trenches measuring about 240 feet long, located at the
southeast end of the cemetery. Colonel Oscar A. Mack, the inspector
of cemeteries, said in his report of 1870-71, "The bodies were
placed one above the other, and mostly without coffins. From the number
of bodies exhumed from a given space it was estimated that the number
buried in these trenches was 11,700. The number of burials from the
prison pen cannot be accurately known." The figure of 11,700
unknown Union soldiers was accepted for many years. More recent
examination of government records indicate about half that many. We
will probably never have an exact count.
Salisbury National Cemetery may be the final resting place for more Pennsylvania Civil War soldiers than any other National Cemetery. A hospital record from the prison contains the names of 3,504 prisoners who died in the hospital. Of these, 736 were Pennsylvanians. If this same ration is applied to the 11.700 unknown graves, the number of Pennsylvanians interred in this cemetery would be 2,457.
A raid by the forces of General
George Stoneman (April 12-13, 1865) captured the prison which was burned
to the ground.
Soldiers Home National Cemetery
The Military Asylum was established in 1851 - the first such home in the U. S. In July of 1861, the Military Asylum offered 6 acres at the north end of the its existing small burial grounds as a burial ground for soldiers who died in Washington's many makeshift hospitals. From 1861 to 1864, 5,600 burials - 278 unknown - filled the little cemetery.
The six acres were filled
in the Civil War - every available inch - even the road dividers contain
graves. The Military Asylum that originally offered the burial place
is still used today as a retirement home for U. S. enlisted men and
women - the longest record of continuous service of any military retirement
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