Cattaraugus County

A Compilation of Selected Ashcraft Obituaries and Other Newspaper Accounts Relating to Ashcraft of Cattaraugus County New York

As Transcribed from the Scrapbook of

Arzetta H. Sparks & Ruth (Vaughn) Davis


Philip R. Roblee

Ashcraft Descendant

August 1998

The Scrapbook

The Scrapbook in fact is the New York State Manual of the Highway Laws of the State of New York, 6th Edition, published in 1886. ToArzetta Sparks, this roughly 400-page hard-covered 6" x 8" manual was the perfect host to her vast collection of poems carefully and thoughtfully clipped from newspapers and magazines over the course of what must have been many years.

Arzetta opens the scrapbook with the following text written in pencil:

Mrs. Arzetta H. Sparks

Born Oct. 27th 1838

This Scrap book was

made and dedicated


the Children, neighbors

and friends, who willread and appreciate it,

as the work of her

old age.Died ____.

I donít know how the scrapbook became the property of Ruth (Vaughn) Davis, my grandmother, but it appears to have been through the hands of her aunt Bertha (Vaughan) Jones, daughter of Betsey (Ashcraft) Vaughan, who adopted Ruth at the age of nine. At Ruthís death in 1992, the scrapbook was passed to her daughter and my mother, Wilma "Joyce" (Davis) Roblee, and she in turn passed it on to me a few years later.

This document represents the transcription of selected newspaper clippings contained in the scrapbook; particularly, those relating to the Ashcraft family of Cattaraugus County. I record them here in hopes of preserving those brief, but descriptive life (and lifestyle) summaries of my ancestors which are captured so eloquently within the aging newspaper clippings.

Unfortunately, few of the clippings are dated or cited, and without such frames of reference phrases like, "...died here Thursday last" are left open to interpretation. In some cases where such references are missing I have taken the liberty of inserting clarifying text within brackets [ ].

Errors can occur in transcription, and I claim no exemption from this possibility. However, I have taken great care to ensure minimal occurrence of error. For those occurrences of error that escape my scrutiny, I offer my apologies.

Philip Reed Roblee

Son of Wilma Joyce Davis (and Anson Grant Roblee),

Daughter of Ruth Isabelle Vaughn (and Francis Law Davis),

Daughter of Nellis C. Vaughan (and Lillian Smith),

Son of Betsy A. Ashcraft (and Daniel C. Vaughan)


Preface *

Contents *

Mother Ashcraft: Betsy A. Thompson (September 16, 1787 - February 9, 1878) *

Waity (Arnold) Ashcraft (February 28, 1819 - December 27, 1912) *

Daniel Ashcraft (July 12, 1831 - February 29, 1908) *

Daniel C. Vaughan (January 18, 1837 - March 27, 1906) *

Almon Perry Ashcraft (February 17, 1839 - December 24, 1921) *

Harvey C. Hall (September 28, 1840 - December 19, 1920) *

Betsey A. Ashcraft (May 4, 1844 - August 28, 1927) *

Millard Fillmore Jones (March 29, 1871 - March 3, 1936) *

LaRay Watson ( - January 8, 1920) *

Letter from Chester Burdette Ashcraft *

Mother Ashcraft: Betsy A. Thompson (September 16, 1787 - February 9, 1878)

(From the Herald of Gospel Liberty.)

ASHCRAFT--Mother Ashcraft departed this life February 9, 1878, at Machias, Cattaraugus County, N.Y., at the advanced age of 90 years, 4 months, and 23 days. She was born in Stratford, Connecticut, Sept. 16, 1787, and moved to Vermont when a child; was married March 22, 1810; moved to Alexander, Genessee County, the following July, with an ox team; was on the road twenty-one days; moved to Machias in March, 1817, with an ox team also. She was the mother of ten children, six sons and four daughters. She was converted in 1818, and united with the First Christian Church in Machias fifty years ago last July. She was one of the five members that constituted the church at its organization. She was present at the last anniversary meeting in July. Her testimony at that will long be remembered by those that were present. Feeble in body, tottering on the verge of the grave, yet strong in the Lord! She said, "It was the last time she should meet with the brothers and sisters, that she was almost home; and oh! how glad she was of it!" She was ready when the summons came, and peacefully passed away. May her children that are left behind, and the church of which she was so long a member, prove faithful, that they may meet her in the realms of glory.

Mrs. J. G. Delmarter.

Lines in Memory of Our Mother

Dear mother, thou art gone;

Dead! Dead! Oh, can it be?

Yet gone where death can never come;

Oh, may we come to thee!

When thou dids't fall asleep,

They last words were to say,

As if, O Children, do not weep,

"There's nothing in the way."

With Christian fortitude

They sufferings were endured;

Each Christian hope by pain renewed,

Each wound by suffering cured.

When we were gathered round,

To take the last fond view,

My aching heart could only ask,

O, God, can this be true?

We do not weep like those

Whom Jesus doth not save,

Those dying hope no farther goes

Than to the lonely grave.

Her trust was in her God;

She said, "Thy will be done."

When he appears she shall come forth

Bright as the morning sun.

When the great trump shall sound,

Oh, what a glorious sight!

Jesus with all his saints around

In robes of spotless white.

Jennie Husted.

Waity (Arnold) Ashcraft (February 28, 1819 - December 27, 1912)

A Machias Pioneer

The number of the few remaining pioneer settlers of the town of Machias was lessened by one on Wednesday, Dec. 27th, when Mrs. Waity Arnold Ashcraft died at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Mary Johnson, at Castile. Mrs. Ashcraft had reached the great age of almost 94 years. She had retained her strength and activity in a remarkable degree but for a few months past, she had been visibly failing. Her death was simply a cessation of the vital forces, without any special disease.

The deceased was the daughter of George and Waity Arnold and was born in the town of Aurelins, Cayuga Co., [NY] on Feb. 28th, 1819. While she was yet an infant, her parents removed to Mount Morris, Livingston Co. [NY], and after a few years residence at that place, they removed in 1825 to this town which was her home for over a half century. Her father purchased the farm now owned by J. N. Westfall at West Machias, then covered for miles around with an unbroken forest of heavy timber, and in a log house on that farm, amid the hardships and privations of pioneer life, her early years were passed. A thrilling incident of her girlhood on this farm is thus related.

One Sunday morning in the fall of 1828, Mr. Arnold's three daughters, ranging in age from nine to sixteen years, the youngest being the subject of this notice, rambled into the woods in search of wintergreen berries. They intended to keep within a half mile of the house but became bewildered, lost their way, and wandered about, getting farther and farther from home.

Whichever way they turned there was nothing but trackless forest; no clearing appeared.

At noon, as they failed to return for dinner, Mr. And Mrs. Arnold became alarmed and began to call for them, but no answer was received. In the afternoon word was sent to a few of the nearest settlers and a search began. All was terrible anxiety, as the forest was full of bears and other wild animals.

The searching parties were constantly increased in number by other settlers from farther away. As night set in, no trace of the children had been found. It began raining heavily and all discontinued the search save two settlers, who determined to remain in search in the forest all night and listen for cries of distress. After midnight these men heard a cry, but whether from a child or a panther they could not decide, and they decided to wait till morning before exploring further. Being several miles from home in the town of Ashford, they remained with a settler the rest of the night.

Early in the morning, the two men who heard the cry began searching in the vicinity where they had heard it and soon found the girls on the side of a high hill near a creek known as Buttermilk Creek. They were cold and hungry, and terribly afraid, but otherwise all right. They had passed the night in walking the pathless woods and calling for help. Once they discovered some small animals supposed, from the noise they made to have been young cubs. In their wanderings one of them stepped upon part of a bear trap, placed there by a settler, but luckily she was not caught. The joy of the girls and of their parents can better be imagined then described.

She was married in 1840 to Nathan T. Ashcraft, also a pioneer of the town, and the young couple began housekeeping on the farm now owned by A. J. Bellman which was their home for over forty years and until the death of Mr. Ashcraft in 1882. Afterward she made her home with her daughter at Castile until her death.

Both Mr. and Mrs. Ashcraft were prominent members of the Christian Church of this village for many years and she bore through her entire life the character of an excellent Christian woman a kind friend and neighbor. She was a woman of extraordinary vigor and energy and retained her mental and physical faculties to advanced age in a remarkable degree. At the age of eighty years and beyond she might be seen walking the streets with the erect for and active step of forty.

She is survived by one daughter, Mrs. Mary A. Johnson of Castile, and two sons, Warren Ashcraft of Bedford, Iowa, and Smith Ashcraft of Boston, Erie County.

The funeral services were held from the home of her daughter at Castile on Thursday afternoon. Ther being no resident pastor of the Christian Church, of which the deceased was a member. Rev. H. Clay Milliman of the Methodist Episcopal Church officiated. The remains was brought to this place [Machias] on Friday and interred by the side of her husband in the family lot in the Brewer Cemetery.

News Article Celebrating her 89th Birthday

Experiences of Mrs. Waity A. Ashcraft of Castile.


Reminiscences of Rye Bread, and Mince Pies, Baked in Stone Oven-- Search by Villagers at Night, To Protect from Wild Beasts Three Little Girls Who Had Been Lost.

By Special Dispatch to the Herald.

Castile, February 28.--Mrs. Waity Arnold Ashcraft, one of Castile's oldest and most highly esteemed citizens, celebrated her 89th birthday to-day. She is in full possession of all her faculties and is a woman of rare ability. Only by the calendar's record can Mrs. Ashcraft be associated with old age, as she does not appear to be more than 70 years of age. She has a remarkable memory and remembers recent events as well as those of her early childhood.

She was the daughter of George and Waity Arnold and was born in Aurelius [previous article writes "Aurelins"], Cayuga County. When 6 years old her parents moved to Mt. Morris, and after living there four years they moved to Machias, Cattaraugus County, her father cutting the road the last mile to where they decided to locate. He purchased 100 acres of a dense growth of timber, mostly maple and beech, and built a log house in which they lived.

The oven which her mother used for baking was built on one side of the house. A foundation of stone and mortar was laid before building the oven of the same material. Mrs. Ashcraft said: "In imagination I can taste the rye and Indian bread, mince and pumpkin pies that my mother used to make." Later a frame house was built and a brick oven was one of the luxuries in their home. The farm work and razing of stumps were done by oxen, as horses were seldom seen.

The first grain her father threshed was done on a platform of boards with a roof,, and a flail was used for whipping the grain. Mrs. Ashcraft recalls many incidents of her early life, but the one which she enjoys telling the most is that soon after settling in Machias her two older sisters and herself went a distance from the home to gather wintergreen. When attempting to return they could not find the way. As night came on they broke off limbs of trees to lie on, taking turns to loudly call for help.

Their parents were alarmed and fearing they might be killed by wild beasts, which were plenty in those days, a hurried call was made. As it was "general training day" at the village, the whole country turned out and scoured the woods. All agreed not to fire a gun until they were found, which was about 10 o'clock at night, and then the woods were filled with shouts and firing of guns.

At the age of 21 years Miss Arnold married Nathan T. Ashcraft, son of Elija and Betsy Ashcraft, pioneers in the same town. Her husband and herself lived forty years on the farm where he took her as a bride. Only three of the six children born to them are living, Smith of Boston, N.Y.; Warren of Bedford, Ia, and Mrs. Johnson of Castile. She has two grandchildren, Dr. C. S. Johnson of Gasport and Miss Blanche Johnson of Castile. Mr. Ashcraft died 25 years ago and since that time Mrs. Ashcraft's home has been with her daughter, Mrs. A. L. Johnson of Castile.

Daniel Ashcraft (July 12, 1831 - February 29, 1908)

Daniel Ashcraft was born in Machias, N.Y. July 12, 1831. Passed to rest at Scottville, Feb. 29, 1908; aged 76 years, 7 month, 16 days. Mr. Ashcraft was married to Eliza Ashcraft at Ashtabula, O[hio], May 23, 1853. To this union were born ten children, three having passed to spirit life in infancy, leaving seven on this side to mourn their loss. Mrs. Wm. Clark, Mrs. L. Kibby, and Curtis Ashcraft, all of Freemont, Mrs. W. Koyl of Scottville, Robt. E. Ashcraft of Manton, Leslie Ashcraft and Mrs. A. Airdyne of Elk Rapids, also twenty-one grandchildren and eight great grandchildren. This father, brother, counselor and friend gave his life to Christ about 30 years ago; and has passed on to the other side of life, where shadows never darken homes of love. He realized the hour had come for his departure from this world of change, and seemed anxious to be at rest. Like the sun that sets in the evening sky, after doing its days work, he passed away; but the splendor of his cheerful life still remains as a halo of glory. So that he "being dead yet sleepeth". He has gone before and waits upon the other shore for loved ones left behind. Funeral services were held at the Church of Christ, Tuesday at 2 p.m. T.W. Bellingham officiating.

In Memoriam.

Daniel Ashcraft was born July 12, 1831, at Machias, N.Y., was married to Eliza Ashcraft May 23, 1853 and died February 29, 1908 at the ripe old age of 76 years, 7 months and 17 days. Ten children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Ashcraft, seven of whom survive him, viz: Mrs. Carrie A. Kibbie, of Fremont; Mrs. Emma Koyl of Scottville; Robert Ashcraft, of Manton; Leslie Ashcraft and Mrs. Hattie A. Airdyne of Elk Rapids.

March 30, 1866, with his wife and family, he settled in the township of Sheridan in this county, and has called that his home ever since, although as he becma advanced in age he spent a portion of his time in other places with his children.

Mr. Ashcraft was a long time friend of the writer, who knew him well and sincerely admired his many sterling qualities. He was always a staunch Republican, a thoroughly honest man, held in high esteem by his neighbors and all who knew him. His motto was "never forget a friend," and he lived up to it in the fullest measure.

Daniel C. Vaughan (January 18, 1837 - March 27, 1906)


Death of a Life Long Resident.

Daniel C. Vaughan, a prominent and highly esteemed resident of this village [Machias], died at his home on Main Street, on Tuesday morning, March 27th, after an illness of several months duration, from heart disease, in the 70th year of his age. Some two weeks ago, favorable symptoms were noticed in the case and permanent improvement was hoped for but the gain was but temporary and a change for the worse appeared. From that time onward, the progress of the disease was rapid and the fatal termination was soon reached.

Mr. Vaughan was the son of Charles and Emily Vaughan and was born on the farm now owned by W. S. Pierce, one mile west of this village, on Jan. 18, 1837. His grandfather, Daniel Vaughan, was on of the pioneer settlers of the town, coming here from Alexander, Genesee Co., in 1818. He won considerable renown as a bear hunter, killing, in one winter, fifteen of these animals. In the audit of the town of Ischua, which town then included Machias, for 1820, he is credited with $50.00 premiums on bear scalps.

When Daniel C. Vaughan was a year old, his parents moved to the farm at Machias Junction which was his home for over sixty years and until his removal to this village five years ago.

He was married, on September 24th 1863, to Miss Betsey A. Ashcraft, who has been his loving and faithful wife for 42 years.

He has been a farmer during his entire active life and a very successful one, accumulating a competency for the support of his declining years. By his fellow citizens, among whom he has resided for so many years, he has been esteemed as an honest, steady and industrious man and withal, a man of excellent judgment and business capaacity, as is shown by his having been frequently called by them to fill offices of trust or honor. At different times, he has served the town as constable, collector, justice of the peace, inspector of election and assessor.

He experienced religion about thirteen years ago and was baptized Aug. 6, 1893. Since that time his life has been that of a humble and consistent christian.

Besides his wife, he is survived by a daughter, Mrs. Millard Jones of Sandusky, and a son, Nellis C. Vaughan, of this town.

The funeral services took place this afternoon from the late home of the deceased on Main Street, Rev. W. B. Wagoner officiating.

Almon Perry Ashcraft (February 17, 1839 - December 24, 1921)

Another old resident has past into the great beyond.

Almon Perry Ashcraft of McKinstry died on Saturday, Dec. 24th, 1921. The funeral was held at his home on Tuesday, Rev. J.E. Whitney of Delevan officiating. Burial at the McKinstry cemetery.

Mr. Ashcraft, son of Chester and Clarissa Ashcraft, who were among the first settlers of the town of Machias, was born on Feb. 17, 1839. On Dec. 22, 1863 he married Nancy Adelaide Bliton of Warsaw [Wyoming Co., NY]. The following spring they began housekeeping on a farm purchased from his grandfather, Elijah Ashcraft. Here for fifty eight years he has lived with his devoted wife and reared a family of seven children, all of whom are living.

He accepted Christ in 1893, and became of member of the Christian church at Machias. A family altar was established in his home which has had an influence for good in many lives.

He leaves a wife, two sons, Chester Berdette Ashcraft, of Boulder Col., Clarence Ashcraft of Delevan, five daughters, Mrs. Belle Hill of Buffalo, Mrs. Alta Wellman, Mrs. Rena Grieser, Mrs. Addie White and Mrs. Gladys Potter, eighteen grandchildren, five great grandchildren, three sisters, Mrs. Jane Hall of McKinstry, Mrs. Betsey Vaughan of Sandusky, and Mrs. Clara Watson of Machias, and numbers of friends to miss him.

One can truthfully say that he lived "In the house by the side of the road and was a friend of man."

Harvey C. Hall (September 28, 1840 - December 19, 1920)

Harvey C. Hall, a well known and esteemed resident of the town of Yorkshire, died at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Sheldon Eastland at McKinstry on Sunday evening, Dec. 19th, 1920, after a long illness, in the 81st year of his age. Mre. Hall was the son of Lucius Hall and was born at Alexander, Genesee County, on Sept. 28th, 1840, and came to Yorkshire with his parents when eight years of age. He enlisted in the Civil War in Sept. 1861, and served for three years as a member of Co. H, 44th New York Volunteers, the "Ellsworth Regiment," receiving an honorable discharge in 1864. He was wounded in the left shoulder at Laurel Hill and his regiment was one of those taking part in the bloody defense of Little Round Top at Gettysburg. Returning from the war, he was married to Miss Jane Ashcraft, daughter of the late Chester Ashcraft of this town, who survives him. He also leaves two children, Geo. H. Hall of this town, and Mrs. Sheldon Eastland of McKinstry. He was widely known and respected in this vicinity, where over seventy years of his life were spent. The funeral services were held from the home of his daughter on Wednesday afternoon, Rev. Arthur J. Bailey officiating. Burial in the McKinstry Cemetery.

Betsey A. Ashcraft (May 4, 1844 - August 28, 1927)

Mrs. Betsey Ashcraft Vaughan, the daughter of Chester and Clarissa Ashcraft, was born at Machias, N.Y., on May 4, 1844, and died at Sandusky, N.Y., August 28, 1927, at the age of 83 years, 4 months and 24 days.

She never grew old, but kept young, especially enjoying the company of the young, was interested in school and for some time taught in the vicinity of Machias.

On September 24, 1863, she was united in marriage with Daniel C. Vaughan of Machias, where they made their home until Mr. Vaughan's death on March 27, 1906, after which she removed to Sandusky, and made her home with her daughter where she had every comfort and all was done to make her happy and comfortable during her latter years.

Of this union were born three children, Myrtle, deceased at the age of 15 months, Bertha, who later married Millard Jones of Sandusky and one son, Nellis Vaughan of Machias.

In 1893 Mr. and Mrs. Vaughan united in membership with the Machias Methodist Episcopal church and when, later, she removed to Sandusky transferred her membership to the local church and to the last was an active member being a consistent Christian and holding her faith in Christ preenind[sic].

The funeral services were held from the home in Sandusky on Wednesday afternoon at 2 o'clock in charge of her pastor, Rev. Walter W. Dailey, who in accordance with her wishes read the 23rd Psalm,, also from the 14th of John and part of the 7th Revelations, together with Tennyson's "Crossing the Bar," and a further poem, read aat her husband's funeral. "He Giveth His Beloved Sleep." Mrs. Pugh and her sister, Mrs. Joslyn, rendered two selections.

The service was very largely attended and this, together with the beautiful floral tributes bore witness to the high esteem in which Mrs. Vaughan was held.

Besides her son, Nellis Vaughan, and daughter, Mrs. Millard Jones, she leaves one sister-in-law, Mrs. Addie Ashcraft of Machias, two step-sisters, Mrs. Waity Hall of Delevan and Mrs. Lydia Wiltse of Lawrenceville, Ill., and the following grand-children: Mrs. Francis Davis of Sandusky, Smith Vaughan of Franklinville, Paul Vaughan of Machias, Mrs. Archie Bond of Buffalo and Mrs. Henry Dills of Machiass and two great-grandchildren, Betty and Beverly Davis of Sandusky.

Mrs. Vaughan to the last was a very sunshiny, lovable character, a true friend and mother, beloved by all who knew her. A woman of rare grace and christian fortitude and lived her simple, trustful, helpful, energetic life until the last and then went home in the full assurance of that life eternal with her Lord whom she knew.

Interment was made in the family plot at Machias, N.Y.

[obit goes on to list several people present at the funeral].

Millard Fillmore Jones (March 29, 1871 - March 3, 1936)

[Husband of Bertha Jane Vaughan, daughter of Daniel C. Vaughan and Betsey A. Ashcraft]

The passing of Millard F. Jones, which occurred at the Buffalo General Hospital, Tuesday, March 3, 1936, following a brief illness, came as a severe shock to his many friends and acquaintances in the community.

Mr. Jones was a native of Cattaraugus County having been born in the Town of Freedom on March 29, 1871.

He had, since boyhood, devoted his entire lifetime in the occupation of dealing in livestock and during these years had come in contact with many residents of the county as well as those of adjoining counties, where he had acquired a host of friends by reason of his pleasing manner, personality and honest dealings. He will be greatly missed in the community.

Deceased was a member of Arcade Lodge No 419 F.&A.M.; China Lodge I.O.O.F. of Arcade, and the Arcade Men's Club. He was also an ardent supporter of the Methodist Episcopal Church of Sandusky.

Surviving him besides his widow are: his adopted daughter, Mrs. Francis Davis and children Betty, Beverly and Joyce Davis; three sisters, Mrs. W. B. Edson of Buffalo, Mrs. Robert Flogaus of Arcade, and Mrs. Fred Evans of Sandusky; one nephew, Harlow E. Edson of Buffalo.

Following a prayer at the home by Rev. Gomer Mills, pastor of the Sandusky Baptist church, the funeral services were held in the M.E. church, Friday, at 2:00 p.m., Rev. Fred Bolander officiating. The Masons attended in a body and performed the last rites of the order over their deceased brother.

Interment in the family burial plot in Sandusky cemetery.

LaRay Watson ( - January 8, 1920)

Again the grim reaper has entered our community and this time has removed from our midst one who was loved and respected by all who knew him.

Laray Watson was born in this town on the farm now owned by his nephew, Clyde Watson. He was the second son of Jonathan and Louisa Watson. Nearly all his life was passed in this vicinity. On Sept. 11, 1873, he was united in marriage with Clara M. Ashcraft. He died Jan 8, 1920.

Although he had been in ill health for a number of years, the nature of his disease being such that complete recovery could not be expected, yet it was not thought the end was so near. But the tired, worn machinery suddenly gave way and he was gone.

Mr. Watson was a man of sterling habits and kindly disposition and will be greatly missed. Although he never formally united with any church he was a Christian at heart and only a few days before his departure, while talking to his wife and friends about the future, he said, "It's all right and I'm ready to go."

He is survived by his wife, two brothers and two sisters, Milton and Mrs. Ambra Corthell of this town, Ladran, of Corry, Pa., and Mrs. Flatilla Pond of Los Angeles, California.

Funeral services were held at his late home on Sunday afternoon at 1 o'clock by Rev. A. J. Bellmann, assisted by Rev. E. B. Bedell of Springville. Interment in Maple Grove Cemetery.

Letter from Chester Burdette Ashcraft

Letter from Chester Burdette Ashcraft to a local newspaper in his hometown area of Western New York. The letter was introduced by the editor as follows:


An Interesting Letter

About ten years ago J.[sic] Burdette Ashcraft, son of A. P. Ashcraft of McKinstry, was driven to a higher altitude by asthma. He sought the West and finally brought up in Boulder, Colo., where, from the following we judge he is flourishing:

In your travels in the West maybe you have visited this town and can know something about how we are located, and can vouch for the truth of the statement that Boulder, Colo., is one of the finest towns west of the Great Valley. It is located 29 miles north and west of Denver on the Colorado & Southern Union Pacific and North Western railroads. Its altitude is 5400 feet and it claims a population of 8,000 souls. The welfare of which is carefully guarded by five newspapers, (two of which are dailies), by 14 churches, 29 secret and fraternal organizations, 10 saloons, and a brewery. We have 5 public school buildings and 2,365 children attending the same, who occupy the time and attention of some 50 teachers. These teachers received in 1901, $27,000 in salaries. From our door can be seen the State University, with its imposing buildings, on a library building just being erected at a cost of $70,000,000 [sic].

Attending the University are 842 students, from which you readily see we suffer little for educational facilities. We also have two business colleges. Financially speaking, everything is going up. The resources of Boulder are varied. The annual pay-roll and revenues derived from the industries from the University, the Texas Chatauqua, etc., amount to $1,000,000.

The county of Boulder is one of the best all-round farming regions in the state, producing, in 1901, 400,000 bushels of oats, 650,000 bushels, barley; 60,000 bushels, corn; $85,000 in dairy products, with $245,000 worth of cattle. There were also 700,000 tons of coal produced in 1901 and the annual output of gold and silver now average nearly $100,000. We have fine sandstone quarries near the city of Boulder, both of pink and white sandstone. And, while we boast of fields of grain, orchards of fruit, mines of gold, silver and coal, and of educational advantages, we also boast of a second Bradford in the production of oil. An oil which is conceded by all oil men to be of a higher grade than any before discovered in the United States. This is no dream. There is within sight of the city of Boulder a great basin containing the finest quality of all oil, from which hundreds of barrels of oil are daily drawn by at least a dozen wells, and to strike oil has become too common to cause hardly a notice.

Boulder, being the county seat and largest town in the county, the merchants and tradesmen derive large profits from these products, and therefore the banks, of which we have three, and all other business men are on a firm foundation. In addition to those already named we boast of 9 hotels, 6 restaurants, 2 flour mills, 3 feed mills, 1 creamery, 4 sampling works where the ores from the different mines are ground and three machine shops. The building trades are in a flourishing condition and there are two planing mills and 3 pressed brick factories, which are running continually to keep within sight of the constantly increasing demand for material. Contractors have plenty of work always on hand. I am just completing my seventh house, besides two barns which have come my way since Feb. 20. My next will be a house for myself which we will put on a couple of lots which we purchased in the spring. We expect to start the same some time the coming week. Myself and family are in the enjoyment of the best of health and a fair degree of prosperity, and with hopes that this will find you in the same predicament, I remain, very truly yours,

C. B. Ashcraft

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